[Ebook] ➩ Le phénomène humain Author Pierre Teilhard de Chardin – Instaposter.us

Le phénomène humainPierre Teilhard De Chardin Was One Of The Most Distinguished Thinkers And Scientists Of Our Time He Fits Into No Familiar Category For He Was At Once A Biologist And A Paleontologist Of World Renown, And Also A Jesuit Priest He Applied His Whole Life, His Tremendous Intellect And His Great Spiritual Faith To Building A Philosophy That Would Reconcile Christian Theology With The Scientific Theory Of Evolution, To Relate The Facts Of Religious Experience To Those Of Natural Science.The Phenomenon Of Man, The First Of His Writings To Appear In America, Pierre Teilhard S Most Important Book And Contains The Quintessence Of His Thought When Published In France It Was The Best Selling Nonfiction Book Of The Year.

Pierre Teilhard de Chardin was a visionary French Jesuit, paleontologist, biologist, and philosopher, who spent the bulk of his life trying to integrate religious experience with natural science, most specifically Christian theology with theories of evolution In this endeavor he became enthralled with the possibilities for humankind, which he saw as heading for an exciting convergence of systems,

[Ebook] ➩ Le phénomène humain Author Pierre Teilhard de Chardin – Instaposter.us
  • Paperback
  • 320 pages
  • Le phénomène humain
  • Pierre Teilhard de Chardin
  • English
  • 10 October 2017
  • 9780060904951

10 thoughts on “Le phénomène humain

  1. says:

    I ll start this review by asking How prescient can one person be Completing this book in 1940, de Chardin could not have predicted the Internet, but if you read about his concept of the noosphere, you realize that if he were alive today b 1881 d 1955 he would look at the Internet and say That s it I knew it would be something like that If you read science books and have not yet read Teilhard, you know what you need to do Right or wrong, De Chardin is one of the few scholars who have even attempted to come up with an answer to the unanswerable question what is the goal of evolution Few books I have read attempt to deal with such BIG thoughts.And rather than attempt to summarize all his thinking, I ll just try to catalog some of the things that in my opinion he predicted or prefigured in this work The very modern idea of the Anthropocene the idea that the most modern geological era is due to human influence Most recently promoted by Erle Ellis and others around 2012 De Chardin had the scientific creds he was trained as a geologist and paleontologist and worked in China on the then newly discovered Peking Man De Chardin saw The End of Nature coming Bill McKibben, 1989 We humans are in control now we are the main geologic agent, and if an animal species or a forest survives, it s because we allow it to do so We Are Nature, frightening as that may be.De Chardin basically lays out the Gaia hypothesis James Lovelock, Lynn Margulis, Andrew Watson, 1989 Organisms don t just evolve in response to their environment but help shape it Writ large, the earth is evolving into a self regulating organism The analogy of black and white daisies regulating heat aka Daisyworld is an example.When I was in grad school there was much discussion of General Systems Theory, especially Von Bertalanffy s 1968 work of that name All about hierarchy and how the whole is greater than the sum of its parts In particular de Chardin notes the million fold increasing levels of hierarchical complexity from atoms to molecules from molecules to cells from cells to organs from organs to organisms from organisms to brains and from individual human brains to the emerging collective noosphere Some of his thoughts about the rise of the West parallel many of those in Jared Diamond s 1997 work Guns, Germs, and Steel which also parallels a lot of Ellsworth Huntington s 1945 work, Mainsprings of Civilization, minus the racism and heavy dose of environmental determinism of Huntington De Chardin also proposes the idea that nothing can evolve that is not incipient in its precedents An inescapable conclusion is that rocks have feelings and molecules have thoughts Naturally a lot of scientists have no use for his work More on that below He also prefigures many modern ideas such as that there can be no such thing as complete scientific objectivity Teilhard s main thesis, to the extent that it can be summarized in a couple of sentences, is that the divine directed goal of evolution is the creation of a sphere of interconnected human thought that he calls the noosphere Sphere is used in the same sense as atmosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere The noosphere is a collective interconnected human psyche and it s a humane human psyche dependent upon interconnectedness and caring for each other Human behaviors such as suicide, drugs and isolation are its antithesis So here is a Catholic priest, a Jesuit, writing all this stuff Yet I do not recall a single mention of the word God or Christ in the body of the work Instead he writes of the Omega Point He does talk about how the work relates to Christian doctrine in a postscript Naturally this did not meet with the approval of the Church De Chardin was banned from publishing his work while he was alive and at times was banned from teaching and from writing at all He had an arrangement with friends to publish his work after his death 1955 so this work was published in France in 1955 and translated into English in 1959 Yet, ultimately the work is deeply religious He argues at one point I m paraphrasing don t worry about things like climate change, nuclear war, or a stray asteroid wiping out civilization CAN T HAPPEN The Purpose of cosmogenesis is noogenesis and the Purpose of noogenesis is Christogenesis And, in fact, he writes, you will have a lot less anxiety if you accept this idea that there is a Purpose to all this The reader can see that in writing such things not to mention rocks and molecules having incipient thoughts and feelings mainstream scientists dismissed him as readily as the Church did.I like the fact that de Chardin did not attempt to carefully walk a tightrope between science and religion He said what he had to say and therefore went splat on the sidewalk on both sides of the rope with no apologies Agree, disagree this is one of the most thought provoking books I have read Certainly the noosphere is a concept that deserves thought Will we end up like those grade B sci fi movies shown at 3 00 am brains in jars connected by wires No, because with wi fi we won t need wires Every month it seems we read of a new development connecting thoughts to computer devices for those controlling robotic arms, for example Can it be all that long before we can choose to share our brain waves with others

  2. says:

    Although he was a priest, in France he is best known for his work in paleontology, when he was a curator in the Museum of Natural History in Paris He has rendered the subject of evolution easily accessible to all, and his point of view complements that of Darwin in many ways For example His Chapter called The within of Things states the presence of a soul, even for the non livings, which sounds like a common sense to me The chapters The rise of Consciousness and The confluence of Thoughts echo what Jung had confirmed independently.It may sound like an intellectual read, but it s not His modesty comes across all through.

  3. says:

    This book intends to describe the past and future evolutionof life Many of the scientific concepts expressed in thefirst half of the book have been superseded by recentdevelopments.For me, the main interesting concept in the book is the assertion that human consciousness is an aspect of evolution Also that evolution has a goal, i.e the increasingcomplexity of human consciousness called noosphere whichwill culminate in the final super humanized form p 259 which the author calls the Omega point.Since the author was trained as a priest, it would have beenhelpful if he had given insight as to why how religionplays such a large part in human consciousness.

  4. says:

    Teilhard de Chardin was both a Jesuit priest and a paleontologist He found that his scientific work supported his beliefs as a priest His argument is of a stunning simplicity 1 matter organizes itself towards life 2 life organizes itself towards Christ 3 earthly matter has only transformed itself into living matter once and no longer does so 4 man cannot repeat the original transformation of matter into life in a laboratoryThe implication of this is that the evolution of life on this planet is a divine process as much as it is a natural process.

  5. says:

    In spite of the three star rating, I do think this book is absolutely worth reading, and reading again Chardin was an ordained Jesuit priest, but also a trained paleontologist who worked with the team that discovered the Peking Man fossils so just from those factors alone, the book is a must read He offers a picture against both an atheist or, on the other side of the spectrum, a pantheistic perspective of evolution The coherency of a world with a personalising God is something I do agree with That science and faith do not necessarily conflict with one another is something I also, from the limited scope of my search, agree with But how he gets there did not leave me convinced From what I understand, his main thought goes something like this Evolution has been proven and he accepts it As things have developed, they have evolved both radially and interiorly The pressure from the outward expansion created a downward pressure that caused movement to double back upon itself, resulting in the interior rise of consciousness and complexity Evolution is goal directed towards an outward movement towards the perfect, and at the same time inwardly towards complexity which all culminates in what he calls an Omega Point I confess to not having studied science very much, but as far as I know, there is not much to back this up He also confesses that the problem of evil poses, well, a problem, but offered no solution to how free will determinism and evil play out in his picture His defense for skipping over this was simply that it was too complex to be addressed in a work that was trying to offer a picture of homogeneity At least he is honest Ultimately, this was a very interesting read and is something I will have to come back to after I learn , but for now, three stars.

  6. says:

    This was great reading in the first and third parts of the book though the middle almost killed me with its technicality In the early 20th century, Pierre Teilhard became a forerunner in integrating evolution with a theistic worldview, but the greatest import of his work was that he took a dead eye shot at predicting where naturalistic evolution was heading Advancing beyond mere rosy humanism, Teilhard fervently believed in the eons long progress of hominization the coming to being of humanity He expresses god like patience by saying, After all, half a million years, perhaps even a million, were required for life to pass from the pre hominids to modern man should we now start wringing our hands because, less than two centuries after glimpsing a higher state, modern man is still at war with himself This seems to be the real crux of the book The spiraling paths of progress may not advance much in our lifetime, but the history of life in the universe has shown that progress is all the history of biological development has ever revealed Speculate rather, how can there NOT be progress unless life ceases to be altogether We have no precedent for progress NOT being made in some corner of the universe And while this development may appear to leave some species behind while focusing on a tiny growing tip of the universe, Teilhard develops the idea early that nothing in the universe is really detached from anything else If we can accept that proposition, which he spends some time in constructing, then we can accept seeing or being an ostensibly forgotten tail, while the rest moves ahead Absolutely no pun intended.Teilhard writes to buttress hope in a secret complicity between the infinite and the infinitesimal to warm, nourish and sustain to the very end the consciousness that has emerged between the two It is upon this complicity that we must depend Teilhard marvels at this complicity what is it that causes objects in space, big and small, to attract to each other He theorizes somewhat courageously that even the basic attraction of objects in the universe towards each other, to which we apply the name of gravity, is a type of materially evidenced love This may sound romantic and completely absurd to our western sensibility, but as Dr Sten Odenwald, astronomer at NASA s Goddard Spaceflight Center, stated on his website astronomycafe.net in reply to a question about our knowledge of gravity, We don t really understand ANYTHING about our physical world at the deepest level, such as why does gravity exist Why couldn t love, enlarged to subsume the law of mutual attraction that binds the universe together, seek also the unification and concord of human spirits Would that really pose a problem in a cohesive theory of physical relational life To assume that love is merely an emotion, and that humanity is so different a phenomenon as the rest of nature, is to miss the mark Teilhard boldly reasons, The only universe capable of containing the human person is an irreversibly personalizing universe And so the universe is, eo ipso, irreversibly personal Shouldn t that logically establish that human love has its root in a larger universal principle that has always existed, like everything else, from the beginning, in what Teilhard calls an obscure and primordial way Teilhard s conception of an Omega Point of absolute human union globalized love is entirely pertinent in our culture of social networking It represents the acme of human connections relationship to the nth degree in what he calls the noosphere mind sphere , a matrix of highly concentrated and involuted communication or inter thinking as Julian Huxley put it in the intro Modern globalization may be bringing us closer in the next century to Teilhard s reckoning quicker than he could have imagined When he adduced that totalized love would be impossible to envision by mere rational projection, it suddenly struck me, by all the signs of instant communication and complex social networking, as very possible indeed Distance doesn t dilute dreams only our grasp of them Once again, doesn t all human progress signify the eventual emergence evolution of a perfect union A universal love is not only psychologically possible it is the only complete and final way in which we are able to love This seems to me what we all want, what is woven into our religions and our highest technological scientific aspirations, and yet some will laugh at it as if it was a silly dream But nature has taught us to hope.His views on the awakening human mind and self awareness were certainly intriguing I ve always thought that the idea of a universe groping towards consciousness and unified fulfillment through eons of evolutive progress is very romantic The impression isn t necessarily that God is waking up through a pantheistic becoming , but that the mind of God is somehow imprinted and bound together with the material psychical world while extending beyond it panentheism The goal of awakening and full being is included in his Omega Point I was a little disappointed with the chapter The Christian Phenomenon , which seemed to toss his original ideas and intellectual tour de force into the catch all, domestic doctrines of orthodox Catholicism It was as if he was offering something truly novel, only to conclude with a unworthy bow, The Church was right all along Uh, bait and switch anyone Of course, knowing the history of Teilhard s censorship by the church, this contriteness may have been what got the book in print after all Now, I understand Teilhard s trying to harmonize the symbolic content of religion with the flat data of science, but I m pretty sure his work a day science did a good enough job paying tribute to his religious beliefs, possibly outstripping them a tad By his own admission, his ideas weren t meant to be taken as strictly science, but rather an interiorisation of matter , even leading some to wonder if he had been leading them through facts, through metaphysics, or through dreams To which I think Teilhard would cheerily reply, Yes Criticizing any claim to pure objectivity he reminds us, There is less difference than people think between research and adoration I have a feeling that the thoughts and ideas introduced and reinforced by this book will be with me for a while The it sits with me, the it makes a deeper change As with every book I read, if you would like a copy of a few pages of great lines from the book, send me a message and I ll get it to you It s great fodder for thought and discussion.

  7. says:

    Essential reading for anyone interested in evolution, theology, or philosophy in general I personally approached it interested in its spiritual concepts, so I found a fair portion of the middle of the text rather slow and inaccessible due to its focus on the scientific specifics of evolution details that are probably outdated today anyway, which doesn t help But there are enough interesting lines, images, and trains of thought throughout to make the whole read worthwhile, and the last third of the book in particular gets into some really interesting if brazenly biased spiritual territory.In my opinion, Teilhard is at his best when he explores overtly the spiritual reality of mankind, describing it with a sense of optimism and purpose while couching it in the evolutionary framework that he presents and, to be fair, that is essentially the crux of the entire book, it just gets lost in the mix at times Even when he wears his Christianity on his sleeve which, while definitely a flaw in his otherwise fairly comprehensive system of thought, is kind of cute , it is apparent that he has nothing but the best at heart for his species a sense of spiritual well being and a connection with something greater i.e The Omega Point in this case a head scratcher of a notion, but it almost seems like one of the reasonable albeit still arbitrary defenses for Jesus as the divine entering into the world that I ve heard Much like Kierkegaard, Teilhard what s with these ard guys anyway constructs a wildly intriguing system of ideas around his faith system, and in doing so gets at some really important truths while completely missing out on others.I would recommend this book with the qualification that recent integral philosophers present a tenable approach to its key points i.e the within of things, evolution as increasing consciousness, etc and a comprehensive view of evolution in general.

  8. says:

    Well written, intellectual, but wrong book.De Chardin tried to connect the unconnected things Christianity, naturalism, pantheism and nietzscheanism.Allegedly, evolution and natural selection have led to the birth of men In turn, men can become supermen and create the God by a method of merging.The author makes extremely doubtful assumptions.For example, an initial substance supposedly has a consciousness or spirit and this has led to the emergence of life In addition, de Chardin ignores many facts In particular, natural selection reinforces the existing norm, and doesn t lead to the perfection development of life.Random mutations lead to degradation and death and not to the development.Human nature is depraved and puny especially in comparison with the scale and age of the Universe.Two Stars.

  9. says:

    I ve known Teilhard de Chardin s name and influence even long before I became interested in religion myself, and this book was a long time in coming And a long time in finishing, it just didn t woo me.His prose is stronger than his argument His science is not up to modern standards, but nor in many ways his own What continuously bothered me was how often he resorts to normative statements, analogies between unrelated things and such to make both scientific and theological claims Yes, evolution resembles a tree if you graph it on paper but that does not make it a tree.All in all, very proto New Age stuff to me Fanciful analogy I don t dislike his attempt at a synthesis or a grand scope of things, only the result.

  10. says:

    I read this years ago and I remember it blowing my mind However, I was not as knowledgeable about certain scientific subjects as I am now so I do believe a re reading is in order I have forgotten most of the book but there are certain images that have stuck with me throughout my life The idea of evolution being a physical manifestation of the ever increasing complexity of consciousness is one of those ideas It is definitely a very entertaining read but like all works of man that have to do with the deepest understandings of the universe and life, it is most likely flawed and lacking in certain respects This is undoubtedly no fault of the man himself but just a reflection of the limits of human knowledge.

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